The first stage happens before falling asleep, and the other phase happens as soon as you wake from the REM sleep phase.
When the people are not informed it can be strange and extremely frightening and might cause a panic attack, as they cannot control their own body.
However, the people should know that this is a common phenomenon, and shouldn’t be afraid of any physical damage to the body.
It happens when we fall asleep, then our body relaxes and the mind becomes less aware, while in the sleep paralysis, the mind remains aware, but the body cannot move.
The muscles during REM sleep are paralyzed, but the brain wakes when the person experiences sleep paralysis.
It is not the case with all people, but according to the researchers at Penn State University, around 8 percent of the population frequently experiences sleep paralysis.
The WebMD recognizes the next risk factors:
– Sleep issues such as nighttime leg narcolepsy or cramps
– Substance abuse
– Mental conditions, like stress or bipolar disorder
– Sleeping on the back
– Frequent changes in sleep schedule
– Certain medications, such as the ones used for ADHD
Sleep paralysis can manifest inability to speak or move for several seconds or minutes, and it is not treated with medications. However, when doctors diagnose that it is caused by some other underlying condition, they may prescribe some of the following treatments:
– Treatment of any underlying sleep disorders
– Implementation of a sleeping schedule
– Prescription for sleeping aids
– Prescription for an anti-depressant
– Referral to a sleep specialist
– Referral to a mental health professional
The best way of preventing this disorder is by managing stress and improving your sleep.
Nevertheless, if you not often experience sleep paralysis, you should not seek professional help, but try to improve your sleeping habits instead.
– Limit the intake of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol,
– Avoid using electronic devices at bedtime.
– Remain calm if you experience a sleep paralysis, as it will be over very soon.